The Second Age

The Alliance of Men and Elves

1 Foundation of the Grey Havens, and of Lindon.
32 The Edain reach Númenor.
40 Many Dwarves leaving their old cities in Ered Luin go to Moria and swell its numbers.
442 Death of Elros Tar-Minyatur (brother of Elrond Half-Elven, master of Rivendell).
500 Sauron begins to stir again in Middle-earth.
600 The first ships of the Númenoreans appear off the coasts.
750 Eregion founded by the Noldor .
1000 Sauron alarmed by the power of the Númenoreans, chooses Mordor as a land to make into a stronghold. He begins the building of the Barad-dûr.
1075 Tar-Ancalimë becomes the first Ruling Queen of Númenor.
1200 Sauron endeavours to seduce the Eldar. Gil-galad refuses to treat with him; but the smiths of Eregion are won over. The Númenoreans begin to make permanent havens.
1500 The Elven-smiths instructed by Sauron reach the height of their skills. They begin the forging of the Rings of Power.
1590 The Three Rings are completed in Eregion.
1600 Sauron forges the One Ring in Mount Doom. He completes the Barad-Dûr. Celebrimbor perceives the designs of Sauron.
1693 War of the Elves and Sauron begins. The Three Rings are hidden.
1695 Sauron's forces invade Eriador. Gil-Galad sends Elrond to Eregion.
1697 Eregion laid waste. Death of Celebrimbor. The gates of Moria are shut. Elrond retreats with remnant of the Noldor and founds the refuge of Imladris (Rivendell).
1700 Tar-Minastir (King of the Númenoreans) sends a great navy from Númenor of Lindon. Sauron is defeated.
1701 Sauron is driven out of Eriador. The Westlands have peace for a long while.
1800 From about this time onwards the Númenoreans begin to establish dominions on the coasts. Sauron extends his power eastwards. The shadow falls on Númenor.
2251 Tar-Atanamir takes the sceptre. Rebellion and division of the Númenoreans begins. About this time the Nazgul or Ringwraiths, slaves of the Nine Rings, first appear.
2380 Umbar is made into a great fortress of Númenor.
2350 Pelargir is built. It becomes the chief haven for the Faithful Númenoreans.
2899 Ar-Adûnakhôr takes the sceptre.
3175 Repentance of Tar-Palantir.There is civil war in Númenor.
3255 Ar-Pharazôn the Golden seizes the sceptre.
3261 Ar-Pharazôn sets sail and lands at Umbar.
3262 Sauron is taken prisoner to Númenor.
3262-3310 Sauron seduces the King and corrupts the Númenoreans.
3310 Ar-Pharazôn begins the building of the Great Armament.
3319 Ar-Pharazôn assails the Kingdom of the Valar. Downfall of Númenor. Elendil and his sons escape.
3320 Foundations of the Realms in Exile; Arnor and Gondor. The Stones are devided. Sauron returns to Mordor.
3429 Sauron attacks Gondor, takes Minas Ithil and burns the White Tree. Isildur escapes down the River Anduin and goes to his father, Elendil, in the north. Anárion (Elendils other son) defends Minas Anor and Osgiliath.
3430 The Last Alliance of Elves and Men is formed.
3431 Gil-Galad and Elendil march east to Imladris.
3434 The host of the Alliance crosses the Misty Mountains. Battle of Dagorlad and defeat of Sauron. Siege of Barad-Dûr begins.
3440 Anárion is slain.
3441 Sauron overthrown by Gil-Galad and Elendil, who perish. Isildur takes the One Ring. Sauron passes away and the Ringwraiths go into the shadows.
The Second Age ends.